Guide to the 4 Main Types of Coffee Beans


If you drink coffee regularly, then you’ve probably noticed that not all coffee tastes the same. Of course, the final flavor depends on the brewing method and the additions you put in your coffee. Some people prefer nutty notes, while others want chocolatey undertones. Believe it or not, it’s the coffee beans that determine the notes of the coffee.

Avid coffee drinkers are perhaps familiar with the main types of coffee beans. However, many of us are unaware of the changes these beans can bring. If you want to learn more about them, continue reading as we delve into the colorful world of coffee and its flavors.

Arabica (Coffea Arabica)

Even if you’ve never had coffee before, you’ve probably heard of the famous Arabica coffee. In fact, it is believed that almost 60% of coffee beans in the world are of this variety. Arabica beans are grown in places with steady rainfall and plenty of shade. The plant itself is easy-maintenance, as it’s on the smaller side and therefore easy to harvest.

When it comes to the flavors, it’s no wonder why Arabica is the most popular one among these coffee bean types. Top-quality Arabica beans will provide you with a slightly sweet flavor with notes of chocolate, nuts, caramel, and berries. It’s neither too acidic nor too bitter.

Robusta (Coffea Canephora) - Kebon

Robusta (Coffea Canephora)

The runner-up in this race of top coffee beans is definitely Robusta. The name is suggestive of the environment it’s normally grown in. Robusta coffee plants can withstand higher temperatures and will do well even in places with irregular rainfall. What’s also notable is that Robusta has double the caffeine amount when compared to Arabica beans.

Out of all the coffee bean types, Robusta is often used in instant coffee and espresso blends. The taste of the coffee is normally earthy with slightly bitter undertones and a peanutty aftertaste. Arabica is the more popular choice for this reason. However, if you’re looking for that caffeine kick, then Robusta coffee is for you.

Liberica (Coffea Liberica)

In the race of coffee bean types, third place goes to Liberica. If you are not a coffee connoisseur, then you probably haven’t heard of this variety. These rare coffee beans are extremely difficult to come by. What makes Liberica beans stand out is that they are larger than the previous two types.

As far as flavors go, its flavor profile is quite unique. Many would describe it as a mixture of smoke, spices, with hints of dark chocolate and florals. It’s the smooth chocolate aftertaste that makes it so popular among coffee drinkers.

Liberica (Coffea Liberica) - Kebon

Excelsa (Coffea Excelsa or Coffea Liberica Var. Dewevrei)

Although this type of coffee beans is just another variety from the Liberica family, they couldn’t be more different. Among the four bean types, Excelsa is the rarest one of the bunch. It’s grown in South East Asia and makes up only 7% of coffee circulation.

This is why it’s primarily used in blends. Unlike Liberica, Excelsa is known for its tart, fruity aftertaste. This mysterious, dark taste gives coffee more depth and substance. If you ever have the chance to brew it on its own, get ready for a unique experience.

Now that you are familiar with different types of coffee beans visit our website to learn more about the varieties we offer. Kebon coffee beans are always fresh and have a complex mixture of flavors your palate will enjoy.